The Great Mystery of the Incredible Solar System
The solar system is depicted with a collection of mysterious celestial objects. Its extraordinary existence makes the solar system difficult to explain scientifically.
Earlier, scientists had discovered ice-spewing volcanoes on Pluto.
The solar system is home to all sorts of elusive and puzzling phenomena. There are many mysteries of the solar system which are being uncovered by scientists.
Here are the secrets of the solar system which are briefly described
1. Strange things are found in the clouds of Venus
The sky of Venus is full of strange and elusive things. Scientists say we can learn a lot from the clouds hovering over our neighboring planet.
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Astronomers believe that Venus was once similar to Earth. Its surface is covered with large lakes and oceans.
But toxic gases and a hot atmosphere are scorching the planet, turning the wetlands of Venus into an arid landscape.
Many questions, can humans live on Venus. About thirty miles (fifty kilometers) above the surface of Venus, the temperature and pressure would be similar to that of Earth.
In 2023, Rocket Lab plans to send robots to search for signs of extraterrestrial life in the clouds of Venus.
A California spacecraft company hopes to find a living creature floating miles above the barren land.
2. Space Storm Earth’s Shadow
In 2014, scientists noticed a strange vortex moving above the North Pole. The unusual spiral of auroral light, more than 600 miles wide, dazzled the sky for eight hours before disappearing into the night.
Until recently, however, researchers struggled to explain what a giant patch of light was and why it was there.
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Physicists from Shandong University in China managed to explain the situation. Using satellite data collected during the Cold War, Qing-He Zhang explained that the mysterious “space storm” was a giant spiral of electrically charged gas.
The celestial vortex observed in 2014 was created by a shower of electrons ejected from the Sun.
Tiny particles flow through the Earth’s magnetic field, collide with gas atoms in the upper atmosphere and release a flash of light.
Zhang and his team believe that a space storm may have occurred before 2014, but this is the first time scientists have identified one.
3. Methane Points for Life on Mars
Astronomers have detected methane on Mars several times. The presence of the gas has led some scientists to speculate that life could exist on the Red Planet.
On Earth, living organisms are the most common producers of methane. Each time new scientists find new evidence of Martian methane, they are one step closer to finding out if there is life on our neighboring planet.
In 2019, NASA’s Curiosity vehicle discovered a methane spike in the Martian atmosphere. The highest peak was detected inside Gale, a 154 km (96 mi) wide crater that the rover has discovered since landing in 2012.
This isn’t the first time Curiosity has faced a methane spike. The exploratory rover has detected the gas twice since 2013-2014, but that’s far less than the most recent measurements.
Incredible discovery points to extraterrestrial life, but it’s not definitive proof. Methane is also generated by geological processes, such as when certain minerals in rock react with water.
Astronomers need to gather more evidence before identifying the source of the gas.
4. Mysterious humm found on Mars
When NASA launched its InSight lander to study Mars in 2018, no one expected the planet to buzz.
But that’s exactly what the spacecraft found. According to readings from InSight, the red planet emits an endless bump punctuated by earthquakes and aftershocks.
And no one can figure out the reason. The aircraft is equipped with high-precision seismometers and various detectors.
The researchers say the InSight data has revealed a lot about the planet’s structure and magnetic field.
Since landing, the lander has recorded more than 450 instances of seismic activity – or, as some experts call it, ‘earthquakes’.
Unlike Earth, Mars has no plate tectonics, which means scientists are still trying to figure out how earthquakes happened.
But the most surprising part of InSight’s discovery was the mysterious movement of Mars. The seismic signal resonates at 2.4 Hz and sounds louder as the planet moves.
5. Methane showers on Saturn’s largest moon
Titan, Saturn’s largest moon, has unusual weather patterns. Outside the earth is
According to NASA’s Cassini orbiter, Titan has regions that only rain once every thousand years and rain methane instead of water. Astronomers have also discovered huge lakes and oceans of liquid methane.
6. Hidden beneath the Moon’s surface is a giant piece of metal beneath the largest crater in the solar system.
The elusive mass is estimated to be around five times the size of the Hawaiian Islands, which lie beneath the South Pole-Aitken Basin on the far side of the Moon.
The crater is roughly oval in shape, over 1,200 miles wide and miles deep.
Astronomers estimate that it formed four billion years ago. But the mass itself is hundreds of miles underground.
Scientists have discovered metallic anomalies by studying the lunar surface and the gravitational field. Scientists are interested in uncovering the origins of these enigmatic subterranean clusters.
One theory suggests it may have come from an asteroid eroding a crater on the surface of the Moon.
7. The Mystery of War on the Moon
Iron tends to rust after a long time around oxygen and water. So you can imagine how surprised astronomers were when there was rust on the moon.
Using data from the Indian Chandrayaan-1 mission, Hawaiian researcher Shuai Li showed clear signs of iron oxide or, as it is commonly called, rust on the lunar surface.
It is the only known object in the solar system where liquid precipitation occurs on solid surfaces. However, unlike Earth, precipitation is rare on Titan.